New City Policy To Address Segregation
Visit the City's complete text of these planks and submit your comments here.
The City of Cape Town will henceforth:
1. Cease City-led mass evictions from state land
Acknowledging the devastating long-term impact of forced removals on Black, Coloured and Indian communities, the City of Cape Town will, in principle, no longer support City-led mass evictions from state land.
The Mayoral Committee recognises the right under the South African Constitution to adequate housing in a climate of dignity, safety and security. That right, indeed, is central to the enjoyment of all other rights. We will shut down the Anti-Land Invasion Unit, previously responsible for removing homes and shacks, and redeploy officers to support the safety of residents living in informal settlements.
2. Upgrade all informal settlements
Acknowledging how historical land dispossession has lead to generational trauma and systemic economic disparity, the City of Cape Town recognises its obligation to redistribute state land in order to redress past injustices by, inter alia, guaranteeing long-term security of tenure for all residents living in all informal settlements.
Currently, hundreds of thousands of residents live in informal settlements on state land; any form of mass eviction is neither practical nor desirable. At the same time, considering that the current waiting time for a home on the housing database is around 20 years, it is no longer viable to expect residents to wait until formal housing can be provided.
Over the next five years, we will work with the Provincial and National Governments to ensure we have sufficient capacity to engage in a comprehensive upgrading programme that will, at a minimum, rezone public land for housing, establish communal security of tenure, install street lighting and roads for emergency services, and provide sewage and electricity services to all households.
In addition, we will establish a City-owned depot with subsidised construction materials, as well as a resource center to help families build homes where they live.
3. Shut down all Temporary Relocation Areas
Acknowledging the spatial inequality resulting from the establishment of segregated townships under apartheid, the City of Cape Town will, within three years, shut down all Temporary Relocation Areas (TRAs) on the periphery of the city, and rehouse residents in refurbished public buildings or on state land in well-located areas.
The Mayor recognises that it was under his authority that the first TRA was established in 2008 in Cape Town at Blikkiesdorp, a site that has since become permanent. The City recognises its responsibility to provide all citizens housing that is dignified and well-located; no one should have to choose between being made homelessness and living 30 km from good infrastructure, services and employment.
In addition, all residents facing eviction and homelessness from private rental accommodation will not only be provided with emergency accommodation near to where they live, but will be supported at Court through a guaranteed right to legal representation.
4. Cease the sale of all City-owned land
Acknowledging the central role the Constitution places on land in transforming South African society and the desperate need of many for access to land, we now recognise it to be in breach of our obligations to sell or lease public land that could be used to satisfy that need.
While the City of Cape Town maintains that it requires new revenue streams to fund budget deficits, we now recognise that the long-term social value of land for poverty alleviation far outweighs any possible market value it might have.
In light of this, we will work with social-housing partners and the Provincial and National Governments to develop a plan for developing City-owned land into affordable housing in well-located areas.
In addition, we will review the long-term lease of golf courses and parking lots in City-owned land and priorities these for affordable housing when leases expire.
5. Reject policy direction from large developers
Recognising our obligation to advance spatial justice through urban planning rather than obeisance to a market logic that has served only the wealthy, and recognising that large development companies have for the past ten years built housing which has been unaffordable for the vast majority of residents, we vow to engage developers through the planning process to secure affordable housing in the public interest and publish an Inclusionary Housing Policy within the next six months for public comment.